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6. Command Center I

<p>source : <cite>www.<strong>winwellness</strong>.org</cite><br /><strong><em></em></strong><br /><strong>Exciting Discoveries About the Brain</strong><br /> Command Center I<br />  </p> <p>  </p> <p> <strong>PowerPoint© Slide 1</strong><br /><strong>“EXCITING DISCOVERIES </strong><br /><strong>ABOUT THE BRAIN”</strong><br /> Command Center</p> <p> </p> <p>  </p> <p> <strong>PowerPoint© Slide 2</strong><br />  </p> <p> <br /> During World War II Winston Churchill had a Command Center in England buried three meters below ground and covered with reinforced concrete. It was called the War Cabinet Room. From this location he directed the war. Ship, submarine, and troop movements were plotted there. A high-tech transatlantic telephone connected the Prime Minister directly with President Franklin D. Roosevelt in Washington.<br />  <br /> In public, Churchill’s clear voice could be heard enunciating the goals of the war, inspiring the British people to endure. Even today his choice words bring hope and encouragement in times of crisis: “Upon this battle depends the survival of Christian civilization. . . . The whole fury and might of the enemy must very soon be turned on us. . . .<br />  <br />  </p> <p>  </p> <p> <strong>PowerPoint© Slide 3</strong><br /><strong><em>Churchill</em></strong><br /> “Let us therefore brace ourselves to our duties . . . that, if the British Empire . . . last for a thousand years, men will still say, ‘This was their finest hour.’"<br />  </p> <p> <br /> Later in one of his speeches he said, “Never give in, never give in, never, never, never, never—in nothing, great or small, large or petty—never give in except to convictions of honour and good sense.”<br />  </p> <p>  </p> <p> <strong>PowerPoint© Slide 4</strong><br /><em>The Battle We Are In</em><br /> We too are in a battle.  It is not the Battle of Britain or World War II. It is the greatest battle that can ever be fought.  It is the Battle for the Mind and the Will.<br />  <br />  </p> <p> <br /> It is the Great Controversy between good and evil in which our brains—and, to be more specific, our frontal lobe—is weighing in with the decisions thatwill affect the outcome and, ultimately, decide our health, our happiness, and our destiny.<br />  <br /> So let’s look at our personal Command Center. In our Command Center we are able to communicate directly with the President of the Universe, who is waiting 24/7 to help us win the battle. Let’s learn more about the brain—our Command Center.<br />  </p> <p>  </p> <p> <strong>PowerPoint© Slide 5</strong><br /> THE IN-LOOK</p> <ul><li> What is affecting your brain?</li> <li> What does your brain look like?</li> </ul><p>  </p> <p> <br /> Let’s look at some exciting discoveries about your brain and how it affects your decisions, your health, your family, and you.The battle between good and evil rages in your personal Command Center. It is situated behind the forehead, above your eyes. Put your hand on your forehead where your frontal lobe is located. It is a sacred place and needs protection. Choices are made there.<br />  <br /><strong>Phineas Gage</strong><br />  </p> <p>  </p> <p> <strong>PowerPoint© Slide 6</strong><br /><strong>The Case of Phineas Gage</strong><br />  </p> <p> <br /> In 1848, on a railroad construction joblaying track through a mountainous region of the US state of Vermont, the respected 25-year-old construction foreman Phineas P. Gage was in charge of the blasting operations. The crew drilled a deep hole into the rock and filled it with explosive powder. Gage placed the thirteen-pound tamping rod, one inch thick, three feet long, into the hole. However, someone in the crew forgot to cover the powder with sand. The rod generated a spark that caused a powerful explosion and sent the tamping rod out of the hole as a projectile.<br />  </p> <p>  </p> <p> <strong>PowerPoint© Slide 7</strong><br />  </p> <p> <br /> Unfortunately, Phineas Gage was bending over the hole. The rod pierced his skull. It passed under his left cheekbone, behind his left eye, through his brain, and exited through the top of his head. Most people would expect this accident to have been fatal, but it wasn’t. Phineas Gage was stunned, but within a short time he regained full consciousness and made an almost complete recovery. Physically, the only signs of his injuries were a couple of scars and loss of vision in his left eye. But there was a lingering problem: he was no longer Phineas Gage!<br />  <br /> Before the accident Gage had been described as “the most efficient and capable foreman” on the Rutland and Burlington Railroad. He was considered “a pious and reverent churchgoer.” After the accident he was still physically fit and retained a good memory, but he suddenly became socially irresponsible and lost interest in church and spirituality. He was fired from his job, abandoned his wife, and became known for his excessively profane speech. The trauma to the frontal lobe of the brain “cost him his personality, his moral standards, and his commitment to family, church, and loved ones.” Today both his skull and the tamping iron are housed in the Warren Anatomical Museum at Harvard University. Phineas Gage’s tragic accident demonstrated to the world of science that the frontal lobe of the brain “is responsible for moral reasoning and social behavior.”<a href="#_edn1" name="_ednref1" title="" id="_ednref1">[1]</a> Science had discovered where the Command Center of the human organism is located.<br />  <br /><strong>Your frontal lobe—your mental command center</strong></p> <ul><li> God created brain circuitry in the frontal lobe with infinite possibilities.</li> </ul><p> </p> <p>  </p> <p> <strong>PowerPoint© Slide </strong><br /><strong>Frontal Lobe –The REAL YOU</strong><br /> Command Center   <br /> Intentionality<br /> Will, Conscience<br /> Spirituality―the only medium through which Heaven communicates with us<br />  </p> <p> </p> <ul><li> The frontal lobe is the capital of the whole body. It is where the <em>real you</em>is located.</li> <li> Here you exercise the <em>will</em>. It is where you make choices and exercise intentionality.</li> <li> This is where you discriminate between right and wrong. It is your conscience.</li> <li> It is the place where the decision is made to love sacrificially, which is <em>agape</em> love.</li> <li> Spirituality is determined in the frontal lobe, which is the nerve center through which heaven communicates. Through spirituality, the individual finds meaning, purpose, hope, optimism, and creativity.</li> <li> It is your Prayer Throne Room, where God speaks to you.</li> </ul><p> <br /> The frontal lobe is an awesome place in your body, so be good to it. Neuroimaging studies point out the importance of the executive processes in the frontal lobe. The frontal lobe has the capacity to receive data and integrate them with emotional and motivational inputs from the right prefrontal area and also from memory. The frontal lobe prioritizes the inputs, weighs the probable consequences, and moves to carry out a given course of action.<br />  <br />  </p> <p>  </p> <p> <strong>PowerPoint© Slide 9</strong><br /><strong>The Healthy Brain as seen by SPECT imaging</strong>Here yousee an image of a healthy brain from the top down. On the right, the same graphic shows the same brain from the bottom up. The back of the brain is down and the front of the brain is up</p> <p> <br />  <br />  </p> <p>  </p> <p> <strong>PowerPoint© Slide 10</strong><br /><strong>The Marijuana Brain</strong><br /><strong>On the left—Age 18—3 year history of 4 x a week use underside surface view Decreased prefrontal cortex &amp; Decreased temporal lobe activity.  On the right—Age 28—10 years of mostly weekend use Underside surface view Decreased prefrontal cortex &amp; temporal lobe activity</strong></p> <p> <br /> Dr. Daniel Amen, a world-famous brain researcher, has published fascinating pictures of healthy and unhealthy brains.<a href="#_edn2" name="_ednref2" title="" id="_ednref2">[2]</a><br />  <br /> The frontal lobe of the marijuana-affected brain appears to have holes in it from restricted blood flow and decreased electrical activity. An alcoholic brain looks shriveled. The ability to make wise choices is compromised.<br />  <br /><strong>Frontal lobe choice making </strong><br /> Personal choice making was God’s gift to us at creation. Every moment we are choosing: to eat the apple or resist the serpent; get up or stay in bed; eat veggies or fatty foods; watch or not watch evil; exercise or sit on the couch; be mean or kind; be angry or not; love or hate; forgive or hold a grudge; use time wisely or chitchat it away; think of ourselves or think of others; make plans or have others make them for us; pray or not pray.<br />  <br /> All of these are our choices. These choices, repeated over and over,become habits for good or bad. We are forming our character by choices. We are the architects of our lives by choices.Our choices influence our health. Our choices are matters of life or death. Choose to live, choose to be healthy, choose to be positive, choose to love, choose to keep God’s commandments, choose well—choose eternity. You are making your future one choice at a time, one moment at a time. Choose to be a WINNER! It is up to you.<br />  <br /><strong>Facts about the human brain</strong></p> <p>  </p> <p> <strong>PowerPoint© Slide 11</strong><br /> The human brain weighs about three pounds and contains ten billion neurons and ten trillion bridges called synapses, each able to receive almost innumerable messages.<br />  </p> <p>                                                                                                           <br /> The brain processes thousands of millions of electrical nerve impulses that travel across the neurons at a velocity of up to 395 feet (120 meters) per second.<a href="#_edn3" name="_ednref3" title="" id="_ednref3">[3]</a>Your brain contains more connections than there are stars in the Milky Way! More connections than there are galaxies in the observable universe! It is awesome!It is the most complex object of which we have scientific knowledge.<br />  </p> <p>  </p> <p> <strong>PowerPoint© Slide 12</strong><br />  <br /> A brain cell is called a neuron and has six parts.</p> <p> <br /> One of these is called a bouton.</p> <p>  </p> <p> <strong>PowerPoint© Slide 13</strong><br /><strong>Boutons</strong></p> <ul><li> A bouton is like a mini battery that gives a boost to an impulse and sends it along.</li> </ul><ul><li> What happens when a transmitting fiber is repeatedly stimulated?</li> </ul><p>  </p> <p>  </p> <p> <strong>PowerPoint© Slide 14</strong><br />  Repeated stimulation of a particular sending fiber causes boutons to multiply and grow bigger, making it easier to repeat the same thought or action.[1]<br />  <br />  </p> <p> <br /><strong>What do the neurons and boutons have to do with habits? Frequent repetition of the same thought, feeling, or action wears a deeper nerve pathway.</strong><br />  <br /> Habits save you from innumerable agonizing decisions. Think about all the things you do without any difficulty at all.</p> <p>  </p> <p> <strong>PowerPoint© Slide 15</strong><br /><strong>Habits make life much easier</strong><br />  <br /> You don’t have to make an agonizing decision of how to extend your leg to take the next step.<br />  </p> <p> <br /> If you are a healthy person, you don’t have to make an agonizing decision about whether you should get up in the morning. Habit takes over.<br />  <br /> Theoretically, a given neuron impulse could move in many directions. But nature has been kind to us. It enables us to form habits, making many of our actions second nature. Habit allows the musician to nonchalantly play the piano while chatting with someone.<br />  <br /> While habit has much to do with motor activities and the coordination of body movements, it also goes far beyond these. There are habits of the body, but there are also habits of the mind and of the spirit. Building a nerve pathway is done by repeated electrical stimulation of one circuit, similar to wearing a path across a lawn.<br />  </p> <p>  </p> <p> <strong>PowerPoint© Slide 16</strong><br /> “Sow a thought and reap an act.<br />  Sow an act and reap a habit.<br />  Sow a habit and reap a character.<br />  Sow a character and reap a destiny.”<br />  </p> <p> <br />  </p> <p>  </p> <p> <strong>PowerPoint© Slide 17</strong><br /><strong>Character</strong></p> <ul><li> The Greek word <em>charakter</em> from whence we get the word “character” literally means impress, marking, or engraving.</li> </ul><p>  </p> <p> </p> <p>  </p> <p> <strong>PowerPoint© Slide 18</strong><br /><strong>Character</strong><br />  </p> <ul><li> Building a nerve pathway is done by repeated electrical stimulation of one circuit, similar to wearing a path across a lawn.</li> </ul><p>  </p> <p> <br /> The Greek word<em> charakter</em> means engraving, impression, an image on a coin, or, by extension, typical features or distinguishing marks of an individual. Neither the Greeks nor the Hebrews had microscopes, nor did they understand the electrochemistry of the brain, yet modern psychology and brain science research support the general concept of how they understood character. Modern scientists also see evidence of “grooving” and “engraving” that distinguishes an individual, making her unique. Science today explains this phenomenon in terms of nerve pathways that modify themselves as acts are repeated in order to facilitate the carrying of electrical impulses.<br />            </p> <p>  </p> <p> <strong>PowerPoint© Slide 19</strong><br /><strong>Habits are:</strong></p> <ul><li> Automatic</li> <li> Learned behavior</li> <li> More enduring when they are learned early in life</li> </ul><p>  </p> <p> <br /> Habit formation is encouraged when your emotions, thoughts, or behavior are rewarded. Bad habits are easier to learn than good ones, just asit’s easier for water to flow downhill than uphill, and similarly, in our garden the weeds seem to grow faster than our choice plants.<br />  <br /> If you’ve ever tried to break a habit like biting your nails, you know just how hard it can be to break a long-standing and persistent negative habit.</p> <p>  </p> <p> <strong>PowerPoint© Slide 20</strong></p> <ul><li> Bad habits are easier to learn than good ones.</li> </ul><p>  </p> <ul><li> It requires persistence of the will to formulate new habit patterns and inhibit old habit patterns.</li> </ul><p>  </p> <p> <br />  <br />  <br />  <br /><strong>What bad habits have you broken? What steps did you take to break the habit? How difficult was it? What was the result?</strong><br />  <br /> Intentionality is important in habit forming. First, identify what habit you would like to form or break.Ask, what kind of a person do I ultimately want to be? Whatever you want to be, you can be. It’s a matter of training your mind, and with God’s help you can do it. Sometimes habit change is necessary if we are to save our health or even survive.<br />  <br /><strong>Your frontal lobe: the seat of intentionality</strong><br />                                       </p> <p>  </p> <p> <strong>PowerPoint© Slide 21</strong><br /> Your frontal lobe is the real you! That is where you choose Yes or No, good or bad, right or wrong.<br />  </p> <p> <br /> Linda loved anything fatty—potato chips, fried food, processed meat, red meat, greasy gravies, and the more cheese, the better. All these were No-No’s for diabetic Linda in her fifties. After poor circulation in her left leg resulted in partial amputation, she still could not stop her harmful eating habits. After several years, Linda was back in the hospital. Surgeons tried to restore thecirculation in her remaining limb but failed. She did not need to die. Her eating choices contributed to her untimely death.<br />  <br /> So the question is, what is the deciding factor? “I’ll go on doing things asI’ve always done them,” or “I’ll change course to help improve my health and family life.”<br />  <br /> Mike knows that he doesn’t feel good in the morning if he watches late TV shows and munches on junk food, but if he doesn’t decide to do something about the problem, all the knowledge and information about what is healthy for him won’t do him any good. He needs a commanding officer to tell his appetites and feelings who is in charge. That’s the job of the frontal lobe.<br />  <br /> The frontal lobe is key in screening and selecting among the millions of inputs and external stimuli from the world around us in order to formulate appropriate goals, plans, and objectives.<a href="#_edn4" name="_ednref4" title="" id="_ednref4">[4]</a>The frontal lobe is central to the mechanisms of consciousness. It directs higher functions such as planning, sequencing, working memory, decision-making, task setting, self-monitoring, taking the perspective of others, regulating, and organizing.<a href="#_edn5" name="_ednref5" title="" id="_ednref5">[5]</a><br />  <br /> Faced with a set of circumstances, we must choose a response in the context of needs and available options. We have a large rangeof options and must decide what we are trying to attain. We call this process “intentionality.” Intentionality permits us to analyze options and select an objective based on our value system.<a href="#_edn6" name="_ednref6" title="" id="_ednref6">[6]</a> Ultimately it is the <em>will</em> that discerns what is correct and what is incorrect and mobilizes the person to actually carry out this plan of action.<br />  </p> <p>  </p> <p> <strong>PowerPoint© Slide 22</strong><br />  </p> <p> <br /><strong>Man sees attractive woman: What happens in his brain?</strong><br /> The process of “choice” can be demonstrated through the following example. A man sees an attractive woman. His right prefrontal lobe moves his emotions and motivates him to become better acquainted with her. His sexual desire is stirred. The amygdala (a-<strong>míg</strong>-dah-lah), an almond-shaped gland in the lower brain, secretes the hormone dopamine<em>. </em>The amygdala and its secretion, dopamine, long for pleasure and immediate gratification. They don’t reason. They just say, “She’s gorgeous!” But the question comes, Will the lower brain dominate over the higher brain? Will the sexual nature be controlled and governed by his reason? The man’s reaction to the woman might involve one of the following two scenarios:<br />  </p> <p>  </p> <p> <strong>PowerPoint© Slide 23</strong><br /><em>Scenario 1: Pleasure seeking and need for immediate gratification</em><br /> Amygdala&gt; Dopamine&gt; Memory Search&gt; Longs for Pleasure and Immediate Gratification.<br />  </p> <p>  </p> <p> <br /> The man sees himself as a ladies’ man. His life philosophy has been to get as much as he can and to not care about the long-term consequences. He has a habit of watching sexy movies, reading pornographic magazines, and lingering on the images of scantily clad women. He falls into a friendly conversation with the womanand sees her in terms of a potential conquest, an object to be exploited to meet his own perceived sexual needs. He may have prayed this morning, “Lead us not into temptation,” but what if the sentinel in the frontal lobe is sleeping at its post? What if his conscience and value system have been compromised by past indiscretions? If he has no moral principles about the rightness or wrongness of sexual relations outside of marriage and the amygdala is attacking, it may trigger a cascade of events that could alter the long-term happiness and destiny of two or more people.<br />  <br />  </p> <p>  </p> <p> <strong>PowerPoint© Slide 24</strong><br /><em>Scenario 2: Focus on long-term rewards </em><br /> Value System→ Amygdala and Dopamine Are Servants not Masters→ Long-term Rewards.<br />  <br />  </p> <p> <br /> The man is aware of the woman’s physical beauty and senses an emotional attraction. Yet he has an internal compass in his frontal lobe that navigateshim. He has reflective powers and a sentinel at the gate that helps him choose what concepts, ideas, and perceptions he will internalize. Both the amygdala and dopamine are his servants and not his masters. He thinks in terms of what is right or wrong, of what will enhance his purpose for existence and will harmonize with his value system.<br />  <br /> The man looks beyond the woman’s pleasing figure and sees in her face inner beauty. Images come up from the past of noble and virtuous women. It would not be right to mar this beautiful flower. He sees her as a whole person, not as a sex object. He finds out more about her. He invites her out for lunch. They walk and talk on the beach. They spend time getting to know each other through phone calls, sharing funny stories and personal life goals. Friendship is deepened. She is a jewel. He realizes that she is “the one.” Time passes and eventually they say “I do” in marriage. Immediate gratification was deferred in favor of a greater long-term love relationship. The man has a partner for life. Joyfully, he adores her.<br />  </p> <p>  </p> <p> <strong>PowerPoint© Slide 25</strong><br /><strong>Higher Brain or Lower Brain?</strong><br /> During stress and other emotional outbursts, the lower brain functions are often times able to shut down the higher brain functions.<br /><strong>Who’s in charge?</strong><br />  </p> <p> <br /><strong>Who’s in charge? The lower brain or the higher brain?</strong><br />  <br /> The main question is, Who is in charge of our lives? Is it the lower brain―fears, emotional instincts, and sexual drives? Or will it be the higher brain―conscience, spiritual values, love, and good judgment? This is a choice. Just as we have the capability to make bad choices, so we can also make good ones. With prayer, God can intervene and help us make good choices.<br />  <br /><strong>You are in control</strong><br /> Consider the amazing human brain. Some animals have a more developed occipital lobe—the brain center where vision is based—than humans. Therefore, their eyesight is much keener than is human eyesight. Chimpanzees have a larger percentage of their brain as the cerebellum—the brain area that controls coordination—so they have a keen sense of balance that comes in handy as they swing from tree to tree.<br />  <br /> Your pet cat has 3.5 percent of its brain in the frontal lobe. Your pet dog has 7 percent of its brain in the frontal lobe. The chimp you see in the zoo has 17 percent there. But 33 percent of your brain is in the frontal lobe!<a href="#_edn7" name="_ednref7" title="" id="_ednref7">[7]</a> This suggests that you were made to think great thoughts, to love in lasting, meaningful relationships, to enjoy an eternal destiny, to fellowship with God and to experience everlasting joy.<br />  <br /> The multiple biological systems in the body support the brain and make it possible for this “crown jewel” to function right and to think right. You can keep adding to your knowledge, motivating you to make positive choices for a longer and happier life. You can choose to be a negative or a positive person—to be sad or happy.<br />  <br /> Negative thinking habits can be broken. Lori was a “negaholic.” Her outlook was 90 percent negative. She found fault with almost everything and everyone. Depression was evident in her daily life. Noticing her pessimistic behavior, her psychiatrist asked her to keep a chart of each time she was negative or positive through the day. She reluctantly complied. With time, her acquaintances noticed that Lori was less negative and less critical of others. She was beginning to turn the switch on negative thinking and choose improved relationship with family and friends. A dramatic change took place.<br />  <br /> Keep your brain active with new thoughts, new challenges, new information, and get yourself out of your thought comfort zone and into new skills and knowledge.Then you will expand the brain pathways. Push back and push away dementia and Alzheimer’s disease. You can do it! Reflect on how you are stimulating your mind even if you are older in age.<br />  <br /><strong>Build a better brain</strong></p> <ul><li> Drink a lot of pure water daily. Your brain is 70 percent water.</li> <li> Exercise and flood your brain with oxygen and fresh, outdoor air.</li> <li> Nourish your brain with healthy fruits, veggies, and nuts.</li> <li> Wear a protective helmet when riding bikes ormotorcycles, skiing or skateboarding.</li> <li> Avoid any addictive substances that destroy mental capacities.</li> <li> Reduce your risk of stroke or blood clot.</li> <li> Stimulate your mind, as you age, with new thoughts and skills.</li> <li> Feed your mindmentally and spiritually with uplifting materials. The mind will seek the level of the things upon which it habitually feeds. It will expand to higher levels.</li> <li> Be grateful. Thank God for your mental abilities and ask Him to fill your mind with His mind.</li> <li> Beware! The enemy of your soul wants control of your mind, ashe did Eve’s. Reject his plan.</li> </ul><p> </p> <p>  </p> <p> <strong>PowerPoint© Slide 26</strong><br /><strong>  You can Choose a New Direction</strong><br />  </p> <p> <br /> A better life for you can start today. You will decide what kind of person you want to be. Choose to live, choose to be healthy, choose to be positive, choose to be a nice person, choose to forgive, choose to love, choose to trust God—choose well. The wise man Solomon said, “He [God] has put eternity [a desire to have a never-ending, happy life] in [our] hearts.”<a href="#_edn8" name="_ednref8" title="" id="_ednref8">[8]</a>You were made to enjoy an eternal destiny. You are making your future one choice at a time—one moment at a time in your frontal lobe. Choose to be a WINNER! It is all up to you.<br />  </p> <p>  </p> <p> <strong>PowerPoint© Slide 26</strong><br /><strong>Prayer</strong><br /><em>Thank You, Lord, for giving me a free will. Thank You for the trust You have placed in me. Help me to make right choices daily. Give me the strength to use my will to do good. I choose to become a WINNER for Your honor and glory. Amen.</em><br />  </p> <p> <br /><strong>Reflect/Discuss</strong><br />  </p> <p>  </p> <p> <strong>PowerPoint© Slide 27</strong><br /><strong>Reflect/Discuss</strong><br />  </p> <ol><li> What impressed you about the topic on the brain?</li> <li> Do you feel that parents’ choices influence their children’s choices and habits? If so, how?</li> </ol><p>  </p> <p> </p> <p>  </p> <p> <strong>PowerPoint© Slide 27</strong><strong>Reflect/Discuss</strong><br />  </p> <ol><li value="3"> Think of a time when a big victory took place in the battlefield of your mind. How did this make you feel? How did God help you with the battle?</li> </ol><p>  </p> <p> <br /><strong>Personal Reflections</strong></p> <p>  </p> <p> <strong>PowerPoint© Slide 29</strong><br /><strong>Personal Reflection</strong></p> <ol><li> In the battle between the upper and the lower brain, what do I keep doing that is not good for my health? I can ask God to help me be an overcomer.</li> </ol><p>  </p> <p> </p> <p>  </p> <p> <strong>PowerPoint© Slide 30</strong><br />  </p> <ol><li> In what areas would I like to grow and form positive habits?</li> <li> What steps can I take to change my negative habits?</li> <li> What are ways that I can build a better brain?</li> </ol><p>  </p> <p> <br />  </p> <p>  </p> <p> <strong>PowerPoint© Slide 31</strong><br /><strong>Intentionality</strong><br /> r   I want to improve my brain power so it will function better by:<br /> _____________________________________________________________________<br /> r   I am intentional about breaking my bad habit of: ______________________________<br />  </p> <p> </p> <p>  </p> <p> <strong>PowerPoint© Slide 32</strong><br />  <br /> r   I am intentional about starting new positive habits. Iwillbepositive for ten days without being critical.If I become critical I will start counting the positive days over again with day one. _________________________<br />  </p> <p> </p> <p>  </p> <p> <strong>PowerPoint© Slide 33</strong><br /> “EXCITING DISCOVERIES<br /> ABOUT THE BRAIN”<br /><em>The End</em></p> <p> <br /><strong>Brain Food</strong></p> <ul><li> So you want to have a strong, healthy brain? Feed it well.</li> <li> Antioxidants will clean out the “rust” from your blood vessels, helping good circulation to your brain. Top antioxidants are: prunes, raisins, blueberries, cranberries, strawberries, raspberries, garlic, cooked kale, raw spinach.</li> <li> Omega-3 fatty acids help refresh the brain nerve cell membranes. They are found in flaxseeds, walnuts, and fish oils.</li> </ul><p> <br />  <br />  </p> <p>  </p> <p> <strong>PowerPoint© Slide 33</strong><br /> “EXCITING DISCOVERIES<br /> ABOUT THE BRAIN”<br /><em>The End</em></p> <p> <br />  </p> <p> <a href="#_ednref1" name="_edn1" title="" id="_edn1">[1]</a>. Neil Nedley, <em>Proof Positive</em> (Ardmore, OK: Nedley Publishing, 1998), 259.</p> <p> <a href="#_ednref2" name="_edn2" title="" id="_edn2">[2]</a>. Daniel G. Amen, MD, <em>Images of Human Behavior: A Brain SPECT Atlas</em> (Fairfield, CA: MindWorks Press, 1998).</p> <p> <a href="#_ednref3" name="_edn3" title="" id="_edn3">[3]</a>. Gary Ritchison, “Neurons and the Nervous System,” class syllabus, Eastern Kentucky University, <a href="http://people.eku.edu/ritchisong/301notes2.html">http://people.eku.edu/ritchisong/301notes2.html</a>.</p> <p> <a href="#_ednref4" name="_edn4" title="" id="_edn4">[4]</a>. Elkhonon Goldberg and Kenneth Podell, “Adaptive versus Veridical Decision Making and the Frontal Lobes,” <em>Consciousness and Cognition</em> 8, no. 3 (September 1999): 364–377.</p> <p> <a href="#_ednref5" name="_edn5" title="" id="_edn5">[5]</a>. Donald T. Stuss, “New Approaches to Prefrontal Lobe Testing,” and Katherine P. Rankin, “Social Cognition in Frontal Injury,” in Bruce L. Miller and Jeffrey L. Cummings (Editors), <em>The Human Frontal Lobes: Functions and Disorders</em>, Second Edition, (New York: The Guilford Press, 2007) 297, 299, 356;  <a href="http://www.neuroskills.com/brain-injury/frontal-lobes.php">www.neuroskills.com/brain-injury/frontal-lobes.php</a> (Retrieved 03-08-2011).</p> <p> <a href="#_ednref6" name="_edn6" title="" id="_edn6">[6]</a>. Goldberg and Podell, Ibid, “Adaptive versus Veridical Decision Making and the Frontal Lobes.”</p> <p> <a href="#_ednref7" name="_edn7" title="" id="_edn7">[7]</a>. Nedley, <em>Proof Positive</em>, 260.</p> <p> <a href="#_ednref8" name="_edn8" title="" id="_edn8">[8]</a>. Ecclesiastes 3:11.</p> <p> </p>

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